breast examination should first observe the development of breast
on both sides of the breast is symmetrical, the size is similar, both sides of the nipple is on the same level, nipple retraction of the nipple and areola depression; have no erosion, how breast skin color, edema and cellulite, whether there is swelling and other inflammatory manifestations, breast area of superficial vein is distended etc.. Breast self-examination method
1, visual inspection: shuck off jacket, in the bright light, facing the mirror bilateral breast inspection: arms on both sides of the breast, curved contour was observed without change, whether at the same height, breast, nipple and areola skin has no peeling or erosion, or whether to raise the nipple retraction. Then, both hands akimbo, body rotation like continue to observe these changes.
2, palpation: standing or supine, left hand behind the head, with the right to check the left breast, fingers close together, from the top of the breast gradually move clockwise inspection, according to the external, outer, inner, and axillary order, check whether the mass system. Be careful not to omit any parts, do not press or squeeze with your fingertips. After the examination of the breast, with the index finger and middle finger gently squeeze the nipple, to observe whether there are blood secretions. Through the examination, if found lumps or other abnormalities in time to the hospital for further examination.
check the best time
women of normal menstruation, menstrual cramps after ninth ~ 11 days is the best time for the breast examination, then the effects of estrogen on breast minimal breast in a relatively quiescent state, easy to find the lesion. During lactation the mass appeared, such as clinical suspected cancer, should be further examined after weaning. The high risk factors for breast cancer are those that are more likely to occur in certain populations than in the normal population. Include the following:
(1) family history of breast cancer.
(2) early menarche, late menopause, menstrual years long or chronic anovulation.
(3) infertility or not breast-feeding.
(4) long term use of estrogen drugs.
(5) breast cancer.
(6) benign breast disease, there are still different views.
any of the above risk factors of women must be regularly self monitoring, found problems in a timely manner to seek medical treatment, should also regularly ask the doctor to check the breast, at least 1 times a year. < five methods of self-examination breast >
Early symptoms of
to understand the early symptoms of breast cancer is very important, if the early diagnosis and treatment, the prognosis can be significantly improved. Early breast cancer without obvious symptoms, occasionally found breast induration, mostly painless, there is pain, and the patients often lose vigilance, mistaken by breast inflammation or variation in the early and delayed treatment, must learn a lesson. Breast cancer is the most common in the upper and middle part of the breast (about 70%), and sometimes can be found in a unilateral nipple bloody discharge, met >